Terrorism

Islam: A Do-It-Yourself Movement Reshapes the Faith

  • By
  • Eliza Griswold,
  • New America Foundation
August 27, 2011 |

September 11 broke open a generations-long battle raging inside Islam over who has the right to speak for the faith. On one side is the Islamic religious Establishment, embodied by the scholars who gather behind closed doors to debate theology. On the other, the self-proclaimed reformers of a diversifying global community of 1.6 billion (four fifths of whom don't reside in the Middle East), determined to apply the tenets of their faith to worldly problems.

Programs:

Al Qaeda: Post-Osama, Now What?

  • By
  • Peter Bergen,
  • New America Foundation
August 27, 2011 |

In June, six weeks after Osama bin Laden's death in Abbottabad, Al Qaeda finally officially confirmed what had been all but a foregone conclusion: that Ayman al-Zawahiri, the prickly Egyptian surgeon who had been bin Laden's longtime deputy, is the new head of the terrorist group.

The long-held conventional view is that Zawahiri has really been the brains of the operation all along, a jihadist Karl Rove to bin Laden's George W. Bush. That was once true. But over time, bin Laden eased Zawahiri into the role of one of his followers, albeit an important one.

Blind Sheikh

  • By
  • Peter Bergen,
  • New America Foundation
August 27, 2011 |

Sheikh Omar Abdel Rahman, a.k.a. the blind sheikh, was, in an important sense, the ideological architect or the spiritual guide of 9/11. Rahman’s directives made their appearance at an unusual event held at one of bin Laden’s bases in eastern Afghanistan on May 26, 1998, the first, and last, press conference ever given by Al Qaeda’s leaders.

September 11th: Ten Years, with Steve Coll

  • By
  • Steve Coll,
  • New America Foundation
September 6, 2011 |

For the tenth anniversary of the September 11th attacks, we asked New Yorker contributors to look back on how their work, and their lives, were changed. Here are Steve Coll’s answers.

America's Non-Grand Strategy

  • By
  • Parag Khanna,
  • New America Foundation
September 5, 2011 |

To understand 21st century geopolitics, think of the global capitalist system: it is a marketplace, not a monopoly. In this diffuse network of nodes and connections, stronger and weaker ties, interdependencies and feedback loops, bad decisions are punished almost as quickly as the stock market punishes bad business models. We have just lived through the inaugural cycle of this geopolitical marketplace. Two decades ago, president George H.W. Bush proclaimed a "New World Order" at the United Nations General Assembly, yet today's world is multipolar and leaderless.

The Post-9/11 Military

  • By
  • Fred Kaplan,
  • New America Foundation
September 2, 2011 |

Much has changed since the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, but few American institutions have changed as much as the military.

At the most basic level, it has shifted from a peacetime military to a continuously wartime military, and it has done so for the first time since the United States got rid of the draft.

U.S.-Pakistan: Divorce Is Not an Option

  • By
  • Peter Bergen,
  • New America Foundation
  • and Michael Mazarr, U.S. National War College
September 1, 2011 |

Pakistan, and Pakistani-American relations, confront their worst crises in recent memory.

Pakistan's economy is in free fall, and its major cities are wracked by political violence, while Pakistani attitudes toward the United States have never been worse -- a legacy of the CIA contractor who shot and killed two Pakistanis in the city of Lahore this year, the campaign of drone attacks in Pakistan's tribal regions and the unilateral American raid to kill Osama bin Laden in northern Pakistan in May.

Pakistan and the United States

  • By
  • Peter Bergen,
  • New America Foundation
  • and Mike Mazarr, National War College
September 1, 2011

Pakistan, and Pakistani-American relations, confront their worst crises in recent memory. A host of interlocking challenges -- grounded in a deteriorating economy -- call into question Pakistan's ability to "muddle through" as it has in the past, and the next two or three years pose a crucial test for the country's efforts to arrest continuing socioeconomic decline.

The Latest 9/11 Casualty

  • By
  • Peter Beinart,
  • New America Foundation
August 29, 2011 |

As the 10th anniversary of 9/11 approaches, something unexpected has happened: the ideology that 9/11 made famous—neoconservatism—has died. The evidence is all around us. In Pakistan, the Obama administration has just executed Al Qaeda's second in command, Atiyah Abd al-Rahman, dealing another blow to a network whose defeat, according to Defense Secretary Leon Panetta, is now "within reach." Post-9/11, neoconservatism posited that jihadist terrorism was the greatest foreign-policy threat of our age, a threat on par with Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union.

China the Quiet Winner in War on Terror

  • By
  • Anatol Lieven,
  • New America Foundation
August 29, 2011 |

The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, on New York and Washington led to a remarkably unanimous response, not just from the West but also from the entire international community.

For the only time in its history, NATO invoked the principle of collective defence enshrined in Article 5 of its founding treaty. This guarantees that the alliance will respond to an armed attack on one of its members.

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