Cutting the Fuse

Beyond the War on Terrorism
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NOTE: The above video is of the intro and first two keynotes. Subsequent videos are linked below in the agenda.

Robert Pape’s presentation addressed a fundamental failure of the War on Terror – we are producing more terrorists than we are killing. The argument he lays out in Cutting the Fuse: The Explosion of Global Suicide Terrorism and How to Stop It centers on occupations as the primary driver of suicide terrorism. By thoroughly examining all suicide attacks carried out from 1980-present day, through the Chicago Project on Suicide Terrorism, Pape concludes that military occupations engender many motives for terrorism – atrocities that produce desire for revenge, environments in which ordinary people can become heros and increased religious participation to deal with the psychological effects of oppression.

In the 1,300-plus attacks studied by CPOST, Pape found that almost 100% were driven by occupation, either as a personal experience or a feeling of duty to their community. Pape bolstered the quantitative evidence with video clips of 9/11 and 7/7 suicide bombers, which drove the point home even more. In order to combat the threats we face from suicide terrorism, Pape concludes that the U.S. should return to off-shore balancing: to remove troops from conflict zones in order to reduce our risk of attack, while maintaining a sense of order and stability in regions that are key for U.S. national security agenda.

Agenda

8:30 am: Registration & Coffee

(VIDEO: Welcoming Remarks, The Hon. Brian Baird and Admiral Gary Roughead)

9:00 am: Welcoming Remarks

Steve Clemons
Director, American Strategy Program, New America Foundation
Publisher, The Washington Note
Editor at Large, Talking Points Memo

9:10 am: Setting the Stage - Seeing Through the Fog of War to America’s Strategic Priorities at Home and Abroad

The Hon. Brian Baird
Chairman, Subcommittee on Energy and the Environment, Committee on Science & Technology
U.S. House of Representatives
Author, Character, Politics & Responsibility: Restarting the Heart of the American Republic

9:45 am: Changing Up America’s Strategic Options - The Navy’s Role in Offshore Balancing

Admiral Gary Roughead
Chief of Naval Operations

(VIDEO: Robert Pape and The Hon. Thomas Kean)

10:15 am: When the Ivory Tower Connects to Washington - Empirical Research on Terrorism and Implications for Military Strategy

Robert Pape
Professor of Political Science, University of Chicago
Director, University of Chicago Project on Security & Terrorism
Co-Author, Cutting the Fuse: The Explosion of Global Suicide Terrorism and How to Stop It

11:00 am: Reviewing & Reconsidering U.S. Strategy in the Middle East (VIDEO)

Kori Schake
Research Fellow, Hoover Institution
Senior Policy Advisor for National Security, McCain-Palin Campaign
Associate Professor, International Security Studies, U.S. Military Academy

Seth G. Jones
U.S. Special Operations Command, Office of the Secretary of Defense/Policy Special Operations & Combating Terrorism
Political Scientist, RAND Corporation
Author, In the Graveyard of Empires:  America’s War in Afghanistan

Flynt Leverett
Director, Geopolitics of Energy Initiative, New America Foundation
Publisher, Race for Iran

12:00 pm: Lunch and Blackberry Break

12:30 pm: U.S. Security in the Age of Emerging Threats

The Hon. Thomas Kean
Former Governor of New Jersey
Chair, National Commission on Terrorist Attacks on the United States (9/11 Commission)

1:15 pm: Thinking Through the New Security Puzzle - Terrorism & Asymmetric Threats (VIDEO)

Thomas Schelling
Nobel Laureate in Economics
Author, The Strategy of Conflict

Jenna Jordan
Research Associate, Chicago Project on Suicide Terrorism, University of Chicago

Glenn Carle
Former Acting National Intelligence Officer for Transnational Threats, Central Intelligence Agency
Author, The Interrogator (forthcoming)

2:15 pm: Through the Fog of War - Homeland Security and Civil Liberties (VIDEO)

The Hon. John B. Bellinger III
Adjunct Senior Fellow for International and National Security Law, Council on Foreign Relations
Former Legal Adviser, Department of State (2005-2009)
Senior Associate Counsel to the President and Legal Adviser, National Security Council (2001-2005)
Partner, Arnold & Porter LLP

Peter Bergen
Director, Counterterrorism Strategy Initiative, New America Foundation
Author, The Longest War: America and al-Qaeda Since 9/11 (forthcoming)

Sahar Aziz
Adjunct Professor of Law, Georgetown University Law Center
Legal Fellow, Institute for Social Policy and Understanding
Former Senior Policy Advisor, Office for Civil Rights & Civil Liberties, Department of Homeland Security

(VIDEO: The Hon. Zalmay Khalilzad and Panel 5: Constraints, Austerity, and US Foreign Policy)

3:15 pm: Constraints, Austerity, and US Foreign Policy

Bruce Jentleson
Professor of Public Policy and Political Science, Duke University
Co-Author, The End of Arrogance:  America in the Global Competition of Ideas

Sir Christopher Meyer
British Ambassador to the United States, 1997-2003
Author, DC Confidential:  The Controversial Memoirs of Britain’s Ambassador to the US
and Getting our Way: 500 Years of British Diplomacy

Charles Kupchan
Whitney Shepardson Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
Professor of International Affairs, Georgetown University
Former Director for European Affairs, National Security Council
Author, How Enemies Become Friends: The Sources of Stable Peace

Christopher Preble
Director of Foreign Policy Studies, Cato Institute
Author, The Power Problem: How American Military Dominance Makes Us Less Safe, Less Prosperous, and Less Free

4:15 pm: America’s Strategic Choices:  More Consequential Today than in Generations

The Hon. Zalmay Khalilzad
Former U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan
Former U.S. Ambassador to Iraq
Former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations
Former Senior Director for Islamic Outreach & Southwest Asia, National Security Council

5:00 pm: Adjournment

Event Time and Location

Tuesday, October 12, 2010 - 8:30am - 5:00pm
Capitol Visitor's Center, Auditorium
First St and East Capitol St, NE
Washington, DC 20510

Event Photos

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